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Introductory Look at Psalm 19:
Figures of Speech
This talk makes use of Dr. Robert C. Newman's
Biblical Descriptions of Nature which
is available on the web here.
Slide 1: The Book of God's Word and the Book of God's Works
Slide 2 (04:00: The Names of God Psalm 19 and Genesis
• Genesis 1 uses only the
name El (Elohim) = God the Creator
• Ps. 19:1-6 refers to the
Book of God's Works. It uses only the name El
• Genesis 2-3 uses the name Yahweh = God the Redeemer.
• Ps. 19:7-13 refers to the
Book of God's Words. It uses the name Yahweh
Genesis 2-3 is the beginning of God's redemption plan.
Slide 3: Newman's Powerpoint, Interpreting Biblical Descriptions of
Nature (25 min.)
Slide 4 (38:25) The Milky Way Galsxy from Far Space.
<>• Most stars we see with
a naked eye are in the Milky Way Galaxy. Only exceptions are: Andromeda
Galaxy, and the Magellanic clouds (in the Southern Hemisphere)
Slide 5 (43:40) Figures of speech in Ps. 19:1-4a -- Expressing
the Inexpressible: often used of God.
• Vs. 1: declare, proclaim,
Slide 6: (47:15) The "Firmament" or "Sky Above"
• Vs. 2: pour forth, speech, display knowledge
• Vs. 3: Speech, language, voice, heard
• Vs. 4a: voice, words, ends of world
Did the Bible assume a
solid dome? (Discussed next week)
[Return to slide 5 momentarily]
• The details of the firmament probably more Greek than Hebrew. Trying
to figure out what goes on behind the scenes. Hebrew mind not inclined
to be so analytic. Practical people. If something is beyond
comprehension, they tend to acknowledge that and let it go at that.
• Some work on analytic studies of nature: 1 Kings 4:33 - systematic
study of plants birds, etc.
• No part of the BIble speculates about the cosmos in the way the
Greeks did. Are we reading back into the Bible our Greek-influenced
biases and assuming that they meant speculative constructions such as
the Greeks would assume?
• A general rule of thumb is that such observations are
always expressed from the point of view of a person standing on the
earth. In contrast to this, modern science and the Greek philosophers
attempt to make observations from some "cosmic" position
[Brief reference to Slide 7 (57:30).]
Closer Look at the "firmament"
This talk makes use of Dr. Robert C. Newman's
Firmament: Vault or Vapor? which
is available on the web here.
|Slide 2 (1:15) Review: The
words El and Yahweh.
Slide 3 (3:15) Translations of Psalm 19:1
KJV "firmament" comes from
the LXX (Septuagint)
Slide 4 (6:30) What is meant by the "firmament"?
Slide 5 (8:44) Newman powerpoint (35 min.)
Silent Voice Part 1
|Slide 3 Review. Following
Dr. Newman, we concluded that the word translated
"firmament" to mean the
atmosphere. Now we will look further at verses 1-4a
Slide 4 (2:40) Remarks on Dr. Newman's translation of Job 37:18.
"Can you, with Him,
spread out the mighty clouds, with an
appearance of being poured out?"
Slide 5 (4:30) So why don't evangelical translations follow his
conclusions? 3 possible reasons.
quote John Studenroth on
Slide 6 (11:40) No speech or words. Translation of verse 3.
• Perowne's commentary on
Psalms. "there is no speech, there are no words, their voice is not
heard" footnote "Lit: it is inaudible". Not where their voice is
Slide 7 (16:50) "voice" = "line"
• Ambiguity in ESV interpretation.
• NASB accurately reflects the hebrew.
• Lit: "stretched line"
usual commentary takes this to mean "meaurring line"
Slide 8 (21:05) The Silent Speech of God's Book of Works
• Hebrew Lexicon on this verse: measuring-line = "their chord=music"
• I agree with the Lexicon. Anecdote: David and his harp. God's
universe like a perfectly tuned harp.
• The voice is truthful because
truthfulness is part of God's glory (v. 1).
Slide 9 (32:20) The silent Speech was a deliberate effort on God's part.
• God might have designed
his creation so that it is impossible to probe into its
hidden treasures. He did not do this.
• God might have created the universe with deceptive false history. He
• God's determination to
display truth in his creation placed significant constraints on how he
proceeded with his creation.
- St. Augustine's dilemma:
"Why did God create in time
-- why not instantaneously?"
Answer (mine): God created
in time so that his creation would truthfully record how he did it. He
did this because he wants us to discover how he did it. God did
not have to do this. He might have created so that it is impossible to
peel apart what he did.
- Example: the wavelength
of light -- permits the discovery of microbes.
Slide 10 (43:45) Einstein's quote.
- Example: the nearly equal size of the moon and sun as viewed from
- In his creation, God anticipated the time when man would be able to
probe the secrets at the telescopic and microscopic levels. He did not
have to do this.
- Example: in 1900 the protoplasm was thought to be no more detailed
Slide 11 (45:50) The Silent speech
• "coincidences in nature"
- Size of sun and moon --
the visible corona
- position of the earth in the milky way galaxy
Slide 12 (46:30) Position of earth in the Milky Way.
• The deep universe can be
• Can learn about the star's chemical composition
• The planets reveal the secrets of physics -- law of gravity, speed of
The spectrum of light and
the characteristic lines of the elements.
[return to slide 11]
Silent Voice Part 2: God
Speaks Through His Creation
Ref: Dr. Michael Denton. Evolution:
a Theory in Crisis. and
|Slides 1-4: Review
Slide 5 (8:00) Slighting the Cause -- The
Task by William Cowper
The triumphalism of science
prior to 1905. "everything at root is simple." Life at root is simple.
That notion destroyed in the 20th century.
Slide 6 (12:30) Einstein quote. Nature has been opened up in ways never
Slide 7 (13:25) Ways God's Creation is comprehensible.
Discovery of the "big bang"
is a powerful witness to the truth of God's Revelation that the
universe had a beginning.
Slide 8 (17:00) The Comprehensible Creation
• Present everywhere
throughout history (cf. Romans 1:20)
Slide 9 (20:30) The role of Light Waves in the Silent Speech
• Depth of the voice expands with understanding
• There is apparently no natural limit of mana to probe ever further
into the details of God's creation.
Slide 10 (22:00) Wavelength of light and resolution.
Slide 11 (28:20) Structure of the Cell's Cytoplasm
• The cytoskeleton and the
Slide 12 (36:00) Reaching to the molecule level:
** God did not have to design his creation so we could probe to this
level. But he did it because he wants
us to probe his creation. Dr. Michael Denton. Evolution: a Theory in Crisis. and Nature's Destiny.
Slide 13 (39:10) The Spiral Structure of DNA, the Genetic Code, and the
• The IBM research with a
• The Xenon Quantum Corral.
• How does water work?
- Expansion on freezing
- A "universal" solvent
- Formation of membranes (hydrophilia and hydrophobia)
Slide 14 (43:30) The Deep Universe.
Slide 15 (44:00)
• It can be seen!
• It had a beginning!
• It is expanding!
• The sky is black (Olber's paradox)
Slide 16 (46:00) The
Andromeda cluster (Andromeda galaxy)
Slide 17,18 (52:00) The Orion Nebula (in the Milky Way)
Silent Voice Part 3: The
Slide 14, 15: (3:20) Review: The Milky Way and Orion Nebula.
Slide 17: (6:18) Adromeda Galaxy -- only object outside of the
Milky Way that is visible in the Northern Sky.
Slide 18: (11:31) The information content of starlight.
Slide 19: (12:25) Comte quote. Light spectrum.
Slide 20: (14:00) Hydrogen spectrum. Emission spectrum from hot
hydrogen; absorption spectrum from hydrogen light passing through a
cold gas. Balmer series.
Slide 21: (21:00) How far away are the stars? Gravitational lensing.
Slide 22: (39:00) What we can conclude from the planets.
• Direct distance
measurement to a Double Quasar. (over 2.7 billion lightyears)
(A quasar is
a star-like object that emits radio waves.)
what I mean by the statement that the book of God's Works is not
deceptive, if correctly interpreted. The implication is that the light
from the source is at least 2.7
billion years old -- unless God created the light "on the way." Some evangelical Christians say that is the
case, but I must then ask, why would
God make it possible to read such detail in his creation, if it is
essentially false information?
Slide 26: (53:00) Ice core sampling to determine age. Antarctica.
• The law of gravity
If God hadn't included the planets in
his creation, it is very likely that the Copernican revolution would
never have occurred.
• The speed of light
Slide 23: (48:00) Romer's
experiment with the moons of Jupiter
Ddirect counting of yearly
ice core layers.
Slide 27: Ice core sampling in Greenland
Age by physically counting
the layers. Ages up to 85,000 years by direct counting, and
indirect counting up to 420,000 years.
1 - First Look
This talk makes use of Dr. Robert C. Newman's Powerpoints,
and Science, Genesis One and
the Origin of the Earth,
Biblical View of Nature, available on the web here.
|Genesis 1. The Creation
Slide 3 Why does the Bible begin with the Creation Account?
What mattered to the people
in that day?
The uncontrollable forces in their lives.
• Their gods -- because
they can do them dirt.
- The Sun, The weather, the
sky, the earth, fertility (the crops),
Genesis 1 says: everything you see in nature is created by God. The
other gods are not gods, they are part of the creation that God has
=> Worship the Creator
rather than the Creatures.
Moses was educated and
aware of the cultures, myths and traditions of all the
Places in Genesis 1 that
seem to poke at the superstitions: Genesis 1:21 the great sea creatures
as representatives of uncontrollable forces. Life at sea was dangerous.
• Don't worship nature,
worship God, and rule over nature.
• Maybe God thought: what
he is putting into nature is so marvelous, so amazing, that there would
be a great temptation to worship it rather than God.
Slide 4 (26:00) The message of Genesis 1 is:
• Scientists disparage inteligent design. John Studenroth comments: "We
read about the Bablylonian myths, the Hindu myths, and the
Egyptian myths about creation, and laugh at them. But Scientists today
have the most laughable thing of all. In 200 years people are going to
look back and think, 'well at least these myths had something
happening, some explanation of the mysteries of Nature. But these
people in 2000 -- they think it was done by nothing! It just sort of
• The issue of uncontrollable forces: verse 26 - what is man's role?
God gives them rule over the fish and over the sea monsters, and over
the livestock -- exact the opposite of what the pagan myths are saying
-- that we are the victims of these gods stomping around, trying to
keep out from underfoot, and we try to bribe them with our offerings.
The exact opposite. We are in God's image, and have the responsibility
to rule over nature, not be subject to its whims.
• That's the real purpose of Genesis 1. To set the groundrule that No,
Nature is not a bunch of gods and godlets that need to be appeased.
Instead, the transcendent God has created the world about us, and
morever he has given us as humans, created in his image, the
responsibility to rule, to have dominion over the creation. Creation
was created for man
to have dominion over.
• The purpose of Genesis 1 is not to give a scientific account. But
incidentally he tells us a lot about how he did his work, the order in
which he did it, and various things that touch on science, on how
things happen, but that's not the main purpose of the account. By this
I don't mean to excuse God if there's a mistake in it and say it's OK.
It's not OK. But just understand the purpose is not to give us science.
• God is not part of
nature. It is all designed by God and under his control.
• The created world had a beginning
• Humans are created in God's image to rule over nature.
• The natural world is "good."
- An early church heresy
said that the created world is evil: a dicotomy between the bad
physical world and the good spirit world.
• The science in the
creation account is incidental (but since the author is the creator, it
is accurate when it does touch on science)
Slide 5 (33:40) Powerpoint "Christianity and Science"
1 Preliminary Remarks
Day 1, Preliminary Remarks
Slide 2 (02:00) Saint Augustine's (350-430 AD) Warnings about Science
and the Bible
Hammond Taylor, S.J., St. Augustine: The Literal Meaning of Genesis
(Vol. I and II), Paulist Press, 1982
Slide 3 (8:40) Augustine: Questions of Approach to Interpretation
• Remarks on St. Augustine's works on the Genesis Creation accounts
• Is Genesis 1:1 a summary
statement of the whole creation process?
Slide 4: (14:00) Augustine, continued.
• Most translations leave a little wiggle-room with wording that can be
taken more than one way.
• Moses was highly educated - knew the Babylonian Myths, etc. Perhaps
one point to the creation account is to say that all of the nature gods
are not gods at all.
Slide 5: (16:10) Augustine, continued.
• Augustine's view: He had
a problem: Why did God create in time? His view:
Slide 6: Views of the Genesis "Day"
• Creation instantaneous
• Creation days are
categories or topics, not periods of time.
Slide 7: (28:00) Remarks by Dr. Allan A. MacRae regarding Harry Rimmer
• Some background on Dr.
Slide 8: (38:30) Dr. MacRae Remarks, continued.
Slide 9: (41:20) My View
Slide 10: (46:30) God used natural processes when they would do the
job, but at all steps
he guided these processes and "took over" when natural processes would
not get there.
A legitimate goal of
science is to explore the question: what ARE the limits of natural
Slide 11: Answers to St. Augustine's dilemma.
Why did God constrain
himself to create in time when he could have done everything
• To leave a true record of
his creative activity "in silent speech"
so that as scientists learn to read that speech, it
the glory and handiwork of the Creator, as a witness to
whom God has chosen for eternal life, and as a witness
those who have refused to heed it.
"He who has ears to hear, let him hear" [Matt 11:15]
"So that hearing they do not hear" [Matt. 13:13]
• So that the valid conclusions of scientists would speak truth.
I believe the answer to
Augustine's puzzlement is that God intentionally placed a record of his
creative activity in his creation as a truthful witness to himself. In
order to be truthful, he could not, for example, "create light on the
way", because that would give a false message to scientists who learned
to read the details of the early history of the stars in that light.
• So that scientists could learn how natural processes work
[and therefore emulate them in their own
1 Part 2
This talk makes use of the parable Ariel,
and Dr. Robert C. Newman's Powerpoint,
View of Nature which is available on the web here.
|Day 1, Before Day One
Slide 2 (2:00) Genesis 1:1
• There was a beginning --
the universe and matter are not eternal
Slide 3 (4:30) Is this a summary or does it refer to the initial
creation of an "unformed" earth?
• Time had a beginning: Time is created; God is outside of time
• God existed before the universe existed
• The Nature "gods" are not gods at all.
Slide 4 (5:40) Meaning of "formless and void"
Slide 5 (9:25) Illustration of the formation of the earth
Slide 6 (13:00) Dust cloud forming the solar system
Slide 7 (13:40) formation of the earth
Slide 8 (14:30) More on "formless and void"
• The Scofield Bible (2
editions) interpretation of Day 1
1st Edition: "Formless and
void" = earth made waste by judgment (Gap view)
2nd Edition: "Original chaos" or "divine Judgment"
In early 1800's Gap Theory promoted by early geologists, but went into
by mid-1800s. See Geology texts at my website http://www.geology.19thcenturyscience.org
• My view: "formless and
void" = the primordial chaos of the early universe before the
Slide 9 (19:10) Early earth covered with water.
earth or solar system were formed.
Slide 10 (21:50) Genesis 1:3-5, Day One: What happens when God said
"Let there be Light?"
• Augustine takes it in the
sense of John 1:1 -- spiritual illumination
Slide 11 (23:40) What is the separation of lighe from darkness?
• Dr. Newman takes it to be the ignition of the Sun
• My view is that it is the original creation of energy at the very
Slide 12 (29:00) The inflation as seen by modern physics.
• Some take it to mean the
earth begins to rotate. I have problems with this from physics.
• Dr. Newman takes it to be clearing of the cosmic dirt cloud from
around the Sun
• I take it more physically -- the inflation period at the very
beginning of the universe
(Read the Ariel
Slide 13 (32:00) Plasma -- magnetic storms on the sun
Slide 14 (34:30) Summary of Day One
Let there be light - light
appeared. It was not created at this point
"It was good" Occurs throughout the Creation Account.
Matter being evil was a heresy about time of New Testament
- Gnosticism, the monestary
2 to Day 3a
This talk makes use of YouTube
videos: Science on a Sphere,
The Land We Live On, and The Early Earth and Plate Tectonics.
These videos are in flv format.
Reference: A Fit Place to
|Day 2, Creation of
Slide 2 (2:00). Firmament, Dome or the Atmosphere?
Slide 3 (6:10) Early Earth scene.
Slide 4 (8:40) How the atmosphere is made according to the currrent
view of science
Slide 5 (11:30) Bombardment
Slide 6 (12:00) Earth formed by collision of earth with a Mars-sized
Slide 7 (13:00) Moon and violent tidal action
Slide 8 (15:00) Outgassing of water vapor and formation of oceans.
Slide 9 (16:30) Day 3, part 1. Genesis 1: 9-11 Dry land
• Why would dry land
appear? The answer is a subtle chemical process.
Slide 11 (19:00) Convection currents.
Slide 12 (25:00) subduction - mountain formation.
• Melting crust as it drops
lower into the mantle.
Slide 13 (29:00) the ring of fire along the perimeter of the plates.
• Lower melting point materials melt first. They are lighter material.
Volccanic activity sends this up to the surface and form granites which
in turn form continents. They are lighter than the ocean floor, and in
fact the continents float on top of the mantle, forming dry land.
3b Part 1: The Creation
of land plants
Day 3, Second Part.
Slide 2: Review remarks:
• The creation of darkness
in Day 1. The inflation period of modern physics and the clearing of
the universe when the first atoms were formed. Olber's paradox
regarding the dark sky at night. The location of the solar system
in the Milky Way.
Slide 3 (18 min): The Creation of Life Gen. 1:11. three kinds: "grass",
low shrubs (herbs), and trees.
• The creation of atmosphere in Day 2.
• The creation of stable dry land in Day 3, first part. Tectonic Plate
Movement. Fracturing of the Earth's crust due to tidal forces from a
nearby moon. Separation of lighter from heavier matter causing
continents to "float". Formation of the moon by a collision between the
Earth and a Mars-sized object .
Problem: plants need
organic food. The creation of microscopic life in the crack between Gen
1:10 and Gen 1:11. Early atmosphere: little oxygen. Why? Effect of heat
Slide 4,5. Vegetable needs: organic food, organic nitrogen and oxygen.
Remark on need of plants
for oxygen. Complexity of advanced life.
Slide 5: Problem of available nitrogen.
Why explosives are
nitrogen-based. Why atmospheric nitrogen is not useable by
Slide 6: God Created the First Life to Prepare organic food and oxygen
vegetation.Sodium Nitrate and aluminum nitrate fertilizer.
cyanobacteria-like early bacteria. Mars "fossil" discovery in
Antarctica. Conclusions of the 1998 NAS Symposium on "What is the
smallest size of living bacteria": must have at least 500 different
genes (500,000 codes in the DNA) working together to have life.
The Mars "fossils" were too small to hold this many molecules. How does
evolution do this?
Slide 7-9 (44 min.): Cyanobacteria.
• Creation of the genetic code -- the central dogma of biology.
• Creation of photosynthesis -- a very complex process. "Advanced?"
• Creation of nitrogen-fixing cells
• Creation of oxygen (waste product)
• Form stromatolytes.
Hamelin pool, Western Australia
Grow in chains in shallow water (tidal pools).
Heterocysts to produce Nitrogen.
• Remark on Coronal Mass
Ejections, sun spots and the ozone layer.
Sterilization of the dry land.
3b Part 2
This talk makes use of YouTube
videos: HIV Replication,
The Wonders of a Tiny Cell.
These videos are in flv format.
Day 3, The Creation of
Plant Life (Continued)
Slide 2: Review: Need of all plants for organic food. First creation of
microscopic life. The Central Dogma
Slide 3: (4 min.) The Creation of Life -- topics.
Slide 4 (18 min.) The Central Dogma of Molecular Biology: How the
genetic code works.
What's involved in the
Creation of Life.• The Central Dogma
- how the genetic code becomes a
• The (complex but) essential features of the very
and the complex sugar cycle
- Nitrogen fixing
impossibility that a normal cell could do this!
- Energy storage battery (TCP)
- The first
- Other motors
in living cells.
• The difference between bacteria and "proper" cells
• How cells protect their genetic code against
- difference between bacteria and
• The role of variation: The question of "kind" in
- role of variation in species
--Difference between bacteria and eukaryotes
as regards variation
-- the dark moths in England. The issue of "kind"
- Example of how genetic code can
change - Viruses
- Benefical and harmful variation.
• The difference between plants and animals (the
- Body Plans and Skeletal
structures; development pathways
role of hox (homeobox)
genes in animal body plans.
plant use of fractal-like design in plant branching.
• Inter-dependence of plants and animals
(Fruit trees need bees).
honey bees vs. bumblebees.
• Different kinds of plants
- Plant structure
- Seeds & reproduction
- Fruit trees
• Comments about evolution
- Built-in capability to "evolve"
- Limits of evolution -- fossil
record evidence of limits.
• The Closed Cycle Principle of Ecology.
- No un-renewable food.
- No un-recycled waste.
product of one life form must be food for another life form.
[HIV Movie with commentary
to illustrate the central dogma processes]
Slide 5 (20:22) Complexity of the Ribosome
Slide 6 (34:07) Nitrogen fixing; nitrogenase. Contrast industrial
Only one biological enzyme
Slide 7 (40:40) Complex nitrogenase enzyme 24,190 atoms.
-- nitrogenase can fix nitrogen naturally at room
-- very slow: 1 molecule per 1.2 seconds.
-- takes a lot of energy.
-- guano fertilizer
Only one manufacturing process -- the Haber process -- can fix nitrogen
The heterocyst cell in
Slide 8 (48:00) Photosynthesis, chlorophyll amd the complex sugar cycle
Oxygen is poison to nitrogenase process.
Legumes - symbiotic relationship with nitrogen fixing bacteria.
Slide 9 (49:30) ATP synthesis. The first "motor"
Slide 10 (51:40) Difference between bacteria and proper cells.
Slide 11 (54:10) Bacterial shapes (no internal structure)
protection of genetic code
cell transport in proper cells
cell structure in proper cells
osmotic pressure -- like a
balloon -- determines shapes and rigidity.
Slide 12 (55:30) Ciliates -- eukaryotes. Illustrating varying structure
Slide 13 (56:30) structures in the cell.
The kinesin molecule --
another molecular motor.
Slide 17 - Example of osmotic pressure -- swelling of fiddlehead fern
limitations of light microscopes -- apparent simplicity of the cell
Actual complexity of the protoplasm.
Slide 19 - The vegetated earth. God Saw that it was Good
Day 4, Clearing the
Slide 1: Why are there no stars in the NASA picture?
Where, season, time of day
was the picture taken?
Slide 2: Clearing of the Atmosphere.
Slide 3 (17:15) Augustine Literal
Meaning of Genesis (¶ I.11.23) on "What is the connection
between the light of v. 3 and the lights of v. 14?
Luther on Augustine.
Slide 4 (24:00) Augustine Literal
Meaning of Genesis (¶ II.14.28) on Lights in the firmament
Slide 5 (33:30) The Moon as a "Lesser Light" Augustine Literal Meaning of Genesis (¶
II.15:30) on Lights in the firmament as signs.
Augustine's opposition to
The precision of the astronomical timekeepers.
Precession of the equinox "year". Measured by ancient astronomers
Estimate in time of
Augustine: 36,000 years; Modern estimate: 25,768 years.
"Greater" and "Lesser"
lights as viewed from an observer on the earth
Slide 6 (40:10) The Acts of Forming and the Acts of Filling
A structured way to look at
the 6 days of creation as two sets of 3 days.
Slide 7 (51:33) Introduction to Day 5. The creation of animal life.
Hugh Miller's view of "prophetic"or "revelation" creation days as an
analogy to prophetic vision.
What distinguishes plants
from animals? The role of body plan genes (hox or homeobox genes).
Role of hox genes: Left-right symmetry,
embryo body segmentation,
plant symmetry: not determined by genes, but by physical requireents of
balance or by logical (fractal-like) growth rules.
5 Part 1
This talk makes use of YouTube
videos: Evolution's Genetic Tool
Neo-Darwinism's Homology Problem.
These videos are in flv format.
Day 5, Creation of
the first animal life.
Slide 2 (3:00) More on body plans.
Left-right symmetry. Trees
symmetry determined by needs for balance, not a body plan.
Slide 3 (9:14)
hox genes turn on and off expression of DNA genes.
Slide 4 (16:00) Variety of animals and similarities between them.
v. 20: "birds" is "flying
creatures"-- such as insects -- not just birds.
v.21: "great sea creatures" -- Job
cf. monsters (dragons?) of
Job 41 (see Job 7:12, Ps. 74:13, Job 3:8, Ps. 104:26, Isa 27:1)
The fearfulness of going out to sea.
Dragons and sea creatures as "gods"
The Phoenicians "The Sea people" -- First to circumnavigate Africa to
To an evolutionist --
similarity implies common ancestor.
- The "Central Dogma"
- Similar gene groups.
Slide 5 (23:00) Show videos.
Analogy to computer
Prov. 1:7 "The Fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge."
Similiarity does not
necessarily imply a common (natural) ancestor
The words for "createt" in Genesis 1 (preliminary comments)
Similarity means common
ancestor (to evolutionists)
Or, could mean same creator who re-used genetic plans.
Similar packages of genes used over and over -- expressed by homeobox
The "eyeless" gene
-- confusion of
wording: does this mean the basic gene package or homeobox genes?
Slide 6 (49:45) homology in development of leg, arm and wing.
"evo-devo" evolutionary development -- experimentally-focussed
chimpanzee skull vs human skull -- the ridge over the eye -- is the
arrested at an "immature stage?"
Human spinal cord vertebrae
homology - similarity of structure
evo-devo research: legs
growing out of heads, etc.
whale flipper and human hand.
5 Part 2
Pictures: Bark of Lycopod
Day 5, Creation of
the first animal life (Cont.)
discussion == the commonality among species
• Complexity of earliest
life - Central Dogma, ribosomes, photosynthesis, nitrogen fixing
-- nitrogenase, cyanobacteria, stromatolytes and the "Eozoon",
• Use of similar gene packages in widely different species; homeobox
Today: differences between
Slide 2 (11:30)
Slide 3 (13:00)
Slide 4 (13:40) Charts of Major plant and animal types
Slide 5 (15:00) Types of Plants
Slide 6 (25:20) Lycopods - the Pennsylvania Coal Period; Pennsylvania
Major plant types: seeds,
without seeds (spores), plants with flowers
• green algae -- green
slime on seashore rocks.
• true mosses, liverworts (bryophytes) -- no vascula (veins -- xylem,
phloem) or roots.
-- must be small and in wet
• ferns, horsetail, (veined) Lycophytes in coal veins. Woodlike
(lignin) strengthening of the cell walls. Water conservation --
breathing mechanism that preserves moisture.
Pictures of the fossil
Slide 7 (35:00) Types of Animals
Warning: More Complexity
doesn't equal advancement!!
Slide 10 (51:30) Trilobite -- segmentation
• Sponges - no gut. Rely on flowing water for food and remove wastes.
• Cnidaria - stinging. No through-gut. Colonial animals.
• Flatworms - left-right symmetry, no gut. Rely on diffusion for
food and waste.
• Roundworms, annelids - a full gut with mouth and anus; body
• Chordates - central nerve bundle and segmented spine.
• Segments grow with age
(contrast, e.g. human spine which is fixed number of segments)
• Size not related to advancement: More advanced species tend to
The bigger the animal the more advanced? No.
later animals tend to have more restraint
Exoskeleton requires molting.
5 Part 3
Handout: Types of Animals
Life (pdf); slides (pdf)
This talk makes use of YouTube
videos: Trilobite Preparation in
Preparation lab in Erfoud Morocco.
These videos are in flv format.
Plans and the Tree of Life.
Slide 1 Review: Major phyla of plant and animal life.
Slide 2 (7:00) Genesis 1:20-23
Body plans involve major
innovations, not necessarily "advances"
innovations are just different construction methods
which ALLOWED the plants and animals to perform certain things and also RULED OUT the ability to do
Slide 3 (10:00) Handout:
Homeobox genes. Discovery
of deep water life -- HMS Challenger
expedition. 1872-1876. Life in the Challenger Deep in Marianas trench.
• Digestive system
Slide 4 (22:30) Cambrian Explosion -- most body plans appear suddenly
in the fossil record.
• Circulation, etc.
• Nervous system
• The Phanerozoic Era
Slide 5 (25:38) Most appear in Cambrian Era.
Major Cambrian sites:
Burgess Shales (Canada) and the Chengjiang formation (China)
Slide 8 (28:00) Haeckel's
Tree of Life -- Corresponding to Darwin's tree of life
Slide 6 (30:30) Modernization
of Darwin's Tree of Life
Slide 7 (33:30) Fossil
Tree of Life
Slide 9 (36:15) Trilobites -- Videos on Trilobite formation in Morocco.
Remarks on what makes a
Slide 11 (49:30) Extinctions in the Fossil Record.
The "pickled" trilobite (Northern New York -- Elmira area?) interior
by iron pyrite (fools gold).
The Bridgewater Treatises
Compare Psalm 104:2-30.
IBRI Talk Abundant Life
6 Part 2: Creation of Man
|Day 6 part 2, Creation of
Slide 2 (1:45): Genesis 1:26-27
Remarks on PETA
Slide 3 (4:15) Hebrew of Genesis 1:27
• "bara" = create
Slide 4 (8:40) On words "bara" and "asah" = make.
• "elohim" = God in his role as Creator
• "adam" = Man (or Adam)
The question is, What does "bara" mean or imply?
• TWOT quote and
Slide 5 (14:30) Hebrew words for "Create"
• Interplay between "bara" and "asah" in Genesis 1.
• Three uses of "bara" in
Genesis 1: verses 1,21,27
• 1:1 Creation
of Heavens and Earth
• 1:21 Creation of sea creatures and flying creatures (Day 5)
• 1:27 Creation of Man (Day 6).
• I believe that when the
word "bara" is used, it denotes a never-before-seen thing that has
happened. Not something that can happen by any natural process.
- Genesis 1:1 creation of
- But why is next use not until 1:21 in day 5? My answer: All of the
intervening events described in days 2-4 are the working out of natural
* The atmosphere
(firmament) occurred with the natural outgassing from the molten earth
as it cooled.
* The separation of waters above from waters below was a natural process
because of the chemistry and physics of the elements that God created
* The appearance of dry land was a natural process in which, due to
tidal effects from the moon, the earth crust cracked, violent volcanic
activity, current in the mantle, collision between plates,
fractionation of the magma into lighter elements which melted first and
rose, forming the continents which float over the (denser) ocean floor
* The visibility of Sun, Moon, Stars from earth due to natural clearing
of the atmosphere.
* Creation of plants is also "asah". Why?
speculation: The real creation (bara) of
life did not occur here but earlier,
in the crack between Day 2 and Day 3,
with the creation of microscopic
life. That creation of life was not mentioned
because it would not be
understood by the readers at that time. Thus the
creation of plants was a
development that did not involve a
"never before seen" innovation. The
"bara" creation was the creation of life.
- 1:21 Creation of sea
creatures and flying animals is "bara". Why? It is the
creation of animals. This is the difference between plants and animals.
This is a radical change from plants -- never-before-seen. Hence a new
thing, hence "bara".
- 1:27 Creation of man. Question: Is this the body or the soul? I argue
1:26 uses "asah" to refer to the creation of the body and 1:27 uses
"bara" to refer to the creation of the soul -- something never before
* Image is not the body but
the soul -- whatever spiritual thing it is that we got as opposed to
• Some additional places
where "bara" is used -- to emphasize that "bara" means something never
- Exodus 34:10 "I will
create a marvel" such as never has been seen.
- Num 16:30 "create something new"
punishment of Korah's rebellion, to show nothing before seen "Why are
you putting on airs; we are all equally blessed of God."
51:10 "Create in me a clean heart" Don't take anything that I've
got and mold it around for your purposes: I have got to have something
The question I ask, is, "Is there anything in land plants that is
radically different from the microscopic plant life?" I think the
answer is probably "no": the concept of photosynthesis is already done
way back as soon as the earth was cool enough to have any kind of life;
the complex central dogma is not different. Are there any essentially
new processes going on? Without saying that Genesis 1 is a scientific
document with every i dotted and t crossed, God was giving a message --
in just one chapter -- about his creation of life and especially of
humans. If he had
mentioned microscopic life, then perhaps he would be misunderstood to
be talking about demons or something equally mysterious... Anyway, he
In Creation, God uses natural processes when natural processes will do
the job. He uses fiat when natural processes are not able to do the
job. This is not just theory, it is what the Silent Voice of God tells
us when we carefully examine the Book of God's Works. Just as a
complicated computer program doesn't just evolve, it uses pre-existing
stuff in novel ways that require intelligence to get them there.
6 Part 2
NOT POSTED -- WORKING
6 Part 3